standard

standard
Stability, general recognition, and conformity to established practice. Standard Accident Ins. Co. v. Standard Surety & Casualty Co., D.C.N.Y., 53 F.2d 119, 120.
A type, model, or combination of elements accepted as correct or perfect. A measure or rule applicable in legal cases such as the "standard of care" in tort actions.
See double standard; reasonable man doctrine or standard; standard of care.
An ensign or flag used in war (also estendard/estendart
@ standard deduction
In taxation, a minimum amount allowed to individual taxpayers as a deduction from adjusted gross income in arriving at taxable income. An individual may choose to itemize deductions; however, this should be done only if itemized deductions exceed the standard deduction. An additional standard deduction is allowed to taxpayers who are either blind or age 65 or older. A limited standard deduction is allowed to a taxpayer who is claimed as a dependent on another's tax return. I.R.C. No.No. 62, 63
+ standard deduction
An option available to all individual taxpayers whereby they can deduct a specified amount from adjusted gross income instead of itemizing their deductions. This option is generally used by taxpayers who do not have deductions which exceed the standard deduction assigned to them. The Tax Reform Act of 1986 changed the standard deduction amounts. The standard deduction amounts for 1989 and subsequent years are indexed for inflation
@ standard established by law
That of a reasonable man under like circumstances. Gulf, C. & S. F. Ry. Co. v. Bell, Tex.Civ.App., 101 S.W.2d 363, 364.
See reasonable man doctrine or standard
- standard of care
@ standard mortgage clause
In fire policy, clause providing that in case of loss policy shall be payable to mortgagee, and that his interest as payee shall not be invalidated by act of mortgagor. Rhode Island Ins. Co. v. Wurtman, 265 Ky. 835, 98 S.W.2d 29, 31
@ standard of care
In law of negligence, that degree of care which a reasonably prudent person should exercise in same or similar circumstances. If a person's conduct falls below such standard, he may be liable in damages for injuries or damages resulting from his conduct.
@ reasonable man doctrine
@ reasonable man standard
@ reasonable man doctrine or standard
reasonable man doctrine or standard
In medical, legal, etc., malpractice cases a standard of care is applied to measure the competence of the professional. The traditional standard for doctors is that he exercise the "average degree of skill, care, and diligence exercised by members of the same profession, practicing in the same or a similar locality in light of the present state of medical and surgical science." Gillette v. Tucker, 67 Ohio St. 106, 65 N.E. 865.
With increased specialization, however, certain courts have disregarded geographical considerations holding that in the practice of a board-certified medical or surgical specialty, the standard should be that of a reasonable specialist practicing medicine or surgery in the same special field. Bruni v. Tatsumi, 46 Ohio St.2d 127,129, 346 N.E.2d 673, 676, 75 O.O.2d 184.
See also malpractice
+ reasonable man doctrine or standard
The standard which one must observe to avoid liability for negligence is the standard of the reasonable man under all the circumstances, including the foreseeability of harm to one such as the plaintiff
@ standard of need
In public assistance law, total needs of an individual or family stipulated by the state, which, when unsatisfied by relevant resources makes the individual or family in need for public assistance purposes
@ standard of proof
The burden of proof required in a particular type of case, as in a criminal case where the prosecution has the standard (i.e. burden) of proof beyond a reasonable doubt, and in most civil cases where proof by a fair preponderance of the evidence is required.
See burden of proof
@ standard of weight
@ standard of measure
@ standard of weight, or measure
standard of weight, or measure
A weight or measure fixed and prescribed by law, to which all other weights and measures are required to correspond
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • standard — STÁNDARD, standarde, s.n. 1. Normă sau ansamblu de norme care reglementează calitatea, caracteristicile (caracteristic), forma etc. unui produs; document în care sunt consemnate (consemna) aceste norme. ♦ (concr.) Produs realizat pe baza unui… …   Dicționar Român

  • Standard — Stand ard, a. 1. Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical terms; standard gold or silver. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: Having a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • standard — [stan′dərd] n. [ME < OFr estendard < Frank * standord, place of formation < Gmc * standan, to STAND + * ort, a place, orig., a point, akin to OE ord (see ODD): hence, orig., a standing place] 1. any figure or object, esp. a flag or… …   English World dictionary

  • Standard — Stand ard ( [ e]rd), n. [OF. estendart, F. [ e]tendard, probably fr. L. extendere to spread out, extend, but influenced by E. stand. See {Extend}.] 1. A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign. [1913 Webster] His armies, in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Standard e-1 — Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • standard — stan·dard n 1: something established by authority, custom, or general consent as a model, example, or point of reference the standard of the reasonable person 2: something established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, weight,… …   Law dictionary

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